JARNR Home | About | Instructions for Authors | Editors | Archive | Authors Information | Charge FAQ | Submit |Peer Review
Publication Ethics

Reviewers’ Guidelines

Manuscript Handling fees

Conferences

Memberships and Standards

News

Journal categories

Join Our Editorial Team

 

Membership

 

Citing Reference in SRI

 

Google Scholar h5-index


SNIP indicator

 

Abbrevia: J. Agric. Res Nat Resources.

Language: English

ISSN: ISSN 2315-6279

DOI: 10.14412/JARNR

 

 

  J. Agric. Res. Nat. Resour.      

  3(1): 001-021, February 2019


 
View: PDF (251KB)  

 

 

 

 

Journal of Agricultural Research and Natural  Resources,

Vol. 3 (1), pp 001-021, February 2019

doi: 10.14412/JARNR2019.021

(ISSN 2315-6279) 2019 Science Park Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

PREVALENCE OF HARD TICKS INFESTING CATTLE IN LAFIA, NASARAWA STATE, NORTH CENTRAL NIGERIA.
 

Adejoh, V. A*.1, Pam V. A.1, Uzoigwe, N. R.1, Naphtali, R. S.2, Yohanna, J. A.1, Pam, R. G.1, Ombugadu, A.1, Pam, D. D.3and Dogo, K. S.1.

1 Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Federal University Lafia, P. M. B. 146, Lafia, Nasarawa, Nigeria.


2 Department of Zoology, ModibboAdama University of Science and Technology, P.M.B. 2076, Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria.


3 Department of Zoology, Faculty of Natural Sciences,University of Jos, P.M.B. 2084, Jos, Plateau State,Nigeria.

 

 

ABSTRACT:

Ticks are major impediments to animal production and health in the Sub-Saharan Africa, including Nigeria. This research investigated ticks infestation in locally grazed commercial cattle at Shinge Livestock Market in Lafia, Nasarawa State, North Central Nigeria. 200 cattle were randomly examined for ticks. Ticks were collected using blunt forceps so as not to damage their mouthparts. Out of the 200 cattle examined, 112(56.0%) were infested which spread across 61(55.5%) cows and 51(45.5%) bulls. The infestation of of ticks in relation to bulls and cows showed no significant difference (P = 0.2301). A total of 1,152 ticks were collected from all cattle examined. Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) decoloratus 948(62.3%) was the most abundant species infesting cattle breeds followed by Amblyomma variegatum 383(25.2%), then Hyalomma rufipes 184(12.1%), while Rhipicephalus sanguineus 7(0.5%) was the least tick species encountered. There was a very high significant difference (P = 0.0001053) in abundance between tick species. The udder and inguinal region 451(29.6%) was most infested of all predilection sites. Thus, there was a very high significant difference (P = 0.00001) in ticks infestation rate in relation to predilection sites. Overall, the findings showed that ticks are common arthropod pest among cattle present in the market. It is therefore recommended that intensive farming practices be employed to reduce cattle and tick contact.

Keywords: Cattle, Hard Ticks, Lafia, Prevalence
 

 

                    



 

 

This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Science Park Journals

Copyright Science Park Journals 2012 - 2019                   Terms and Condition  |  Privacy Policy  |  FAQ  |  Customer Services