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Abbrevia: J. Agric. Res Nat Resources.

Language: English

ISSN: ISSN 2315-6279

DOI: 10.14412/JARNR

 

 

  J. Agric. Res. Nat. Resour.      

  3(4): 175-194, July 2019


 
View: PDF (205KB)  

 

 

 

 

Journal of Agricultural Research and Natural  Resources,

Vol. 3 (4), pp 175-194, July 2019

doi: 10.14412/JARNR2019.0194

(ISSN 2315-6279) 2019 Science Park Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Critical review on design Characteristics and construction of terraces on Cultivated Slope lands in Ethiopia Fate of soil erosion control in glance.

Abiy Gebremichael*

Soil and water conservation Researcher, Southern Agricultural Research Institute, Bonga Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopia

 

ABSTRACT:

 

Terracing steep lands in East Africa has been an indigenous technology among densely populated and erosion-prone highlands (Hurni, 1993). New terrace technologies have been evolving over the years by smallholder farmers due to ever-decreasing space for cultivation of crops. These terraces include contour bunds, “fanya juu” terraces, hillside terraces, bench terraces, stone lines, grass strips or hedge rows and vegetative barriers (Mati, 2005). According to SUSTAINET (2010), the physical soil and water conservation structures are permanent features made of earth, stones or masonry, designed to protect the soil from uncontrolled runoff and erosion and retain water where needed. Selection and design of structures depend on the climate and the need to retain or discharge the runoff, farm sizes, soil characteristics (texture, drainage, and depth), availability of an outlet or waterway, labour availability and cost and adequacy of existing agronomic or vegetative conservation measures.

 

Keyword: Soil and water conservation.


 

 

                  



 

 

This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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