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Abbrevia: J. Agric. Res Nat Resources.

Language: English

ISSN: ISSN 2315-6279

DOI: 10.14412/JARNR



  J. Agric. Res. Nat. Resour.      

  3(1): 033-044, May 2019

View: PDF (209KB)  





Journal of Agricultural Research and Natural  Resources,

Vol. 3 (2), pp 033-044, May 2019

doi: 10.14412/JARNR2019.044

(ISSN 2315-6279) 2019 Science Park Journals


Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of abattoir effluent as a soil amendment for fluted pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis, Hook F.) production in south-eastern Nigeria.

*1Otobong B. Iren and 2Aniefiok E. Uko

1Department of Soil Science, University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

2Department of Crop Science, University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria



Misuse of soil amendments can lead to crop damage and cause negative impacts on the receiving soil, air, water or habitat. The effects of different rates of application of abattoir effluent on soil chemical properties, growth and yield of fluted pumpkin were investigated under screen house at the Teaching and Research Farm of the University of Calabar. Six levels of abattoir effluent (0, 40000, 80000, 120000, 160000 and 200000 litres/ha) with the 0 litre/ha serving as control giving corresponding rates of 0,120, 240, 360, 480 and 600 ml/6 kg soil were arranged in a completely randomized design (CRD) and replicated three times. Application of abattoir effluent significantly (p < 0.05) enhanced soil organic carbon, total N, available P, exchangeable bases and ECEC while soil texture, pH and base saturation were not however increased significantly(p > 0.05). Fluted pumpkin numbers of leaves, vine length, number of branches, fresh and dry matter yield were significantly increased. There were corresponding yield increase as the rate of application increased with the highest fresh shoot yield of 12.12 t/ha and dry matter yield of 2 t/ha obtained in soil treated with 600 ml (i.e. 200,000 litres/ha) of abattoir effluent. Relative yield increase of the fresh shoot of fluted pumpkin when compared with control was 79.8, 92.0, 91.5, 101.1 and 114.9 % for plants treated with 120, 240, 360, 480 and 600 ml of abattoir effluent, respectively. Based on these findings, abattoir effluent is a good nutrient source for plant growth and is therefore recommended for use by farmers. 


Keywords: Abattoir effluent, application rates, fluted pumpkin, soil properties, waste water






This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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