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  Sci. Res. Impact.  

  5(2): 61-71, April 2019

 

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Scientific Research and Impact, Vol. 5(2), pp  61-71 April 2019

doi:1014412/SRI2019.71

(ISSN 2315-5396) 2019 Science Park Journals

Full Length Research Paper

 

 

 

ANTHROPOMETRIC VARIATIONS OF THE CANTHAL DISTANCES AND INDICES OF CHILDREN FROM YORUBA AND IGBO ETHNIC GROUPS IN KANO, NIGERIA; USING 2D IMAGES.

Dike CE, **Anas IY

*Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Bayero University Kano, Nigeria. Email: dikeeberecharles@gmail.com

**Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Bayero University Kano, Nigeria
.

 

 Abstract

 

Abstract: Canthal measurements are important tools to craniofacial anthropologists, clinical geneticists and reconstructive surgeons and vary within and between individuals. The aim of this study is to determine the differences of the canthal measurements within and between children of two ethnic groups in Nigeria. The study samples were Yoruba and Igbo children between the ages of 5-16 year residing in Kano metropolis in Kano state of Nigeria. Inner canthal distance (ICD) and outer canthal distances (OCD) were measured in mm, using Facial landmark detection software from Bayero University Kano, version 1.0.0.0 program for Windows operating system. Canthal index (CI) was calculated using the standard formula. The data obtained were subjected to statistical analysis; and independent sample t-test. P value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Sexual dimorphism was observed in OCD within Yoruba ethnic group with males having significantly higher mean value, while Igbo males had higher insignificant mean value in OCD than Igbo females. The mean ICD were insignificantly higher in males than in females in both ethnic groups. In comparison of OCD and ICD between Yoruba and Igbo males and females, the Yoruba males and females had higher mean value than the Igbo males and females with no statistical significance. Yoruba females had higher insignificant CI value more than Yoruba males while Igbo males had higher insignificant higher CI value than Igbo females. The mean CI difference between Yoruba and Igbo children were statistically significant. Thus Canthal dimensions exhibit sexual dimorphism within and between ethnic group and may therefore be of use to esthetic surgeons.

 

Key words: Canthal Distance, Canthal Index, Igbo, Yoruba, Kano.

 


 

 

                                                                                                       

 

 

            

This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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