factor analysis of maternal health care pathways in rural Binga Zimbabwe.
University of Zimbabwe.
Despite of a lot of investment in
maternal health, maternal mortality is still a cause of concern in most
developing countries. This paper sought to examine the patterns of relationships
that exists among maternal health care services. A quantitative research
approach was used to gather data, which was analyzed using factor analysis, due
to the existence of very little empirical evidence around the area under study.
The analysis unpacked the components of maternal health, making use of
usability, availability, affordability and accessibility in pre and post natal
care services. The study found conventional health care, Spiritual healing and
indigenous health care to be the main providers of maternal health in Binga. The
highest factor loading was recorded from the spiritual health care service which
was followed by traditional health service. The last factor loading being
recorded from the conventional health care service. The research concludes that
unless there is recognition of other providers of maternal health in rural
Zimbabwe, it would be difficult to reduce maternal mortality. The study
therefore recommends government policies that are user friendly incorporating
all health care services that are being used by the populace in rural Zimbabwe.
Keywords. Factor analysis, conventional health
care, traditional health care, spiritual health, prenatal care and post natal
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