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  Sci. Res. Impact.  

  5(5): 200-215, August 2019


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Scientific Research and Impact, Vol. 5(5), pp  200-215 August 2019


(ISSN 2315-5396) 2019 Science Park Journals

Full Length Research Paper


An exploratory factor analysis of maternal health care pathways in rural Binga Zimbabwe.

Lizzy Zinyemba

University of Zimbabwe.





Despite of a lot of investment in maternal health, maternal mortality is still a cause of concern in most developing countries. This paper sought to examine the patterns of relationships that exists among maternal health care services. A quantitative research approach was used to gather data, which was analyzed using factor analysis, due to the existence of very little empirical evidence around the area under study. The analysis unpacked the components of maternal health, making use of usability, availability, affordability and accessibility in pre and post natal care services. The study found conventional health care, Spiritual healing and indigenous health care to be the main providers of maternal health in Binga. The highest factor loading was recorded from the spiritual health care service which was followed by traditional health service. The last factor loading being recorded from the conventional health care service. The research concludes that unless there is recognition of other providers of maternal health in rural Zimbabwe, it would be difficult to reduce maternal mortality. The study therefore recommends government policies that are user friendly incorporating all health care services that are being used by the populace in rural Zimbabwe.


Keywords. Factor analysis, conventional health care, traditional health care, spiritual health, prenatal care and post natal care.






This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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