REVIEW ON THE EPIDEMOLOGY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF LUMPY SKIN DISEASE.
JIMMA UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE AND VETERINARY MEDICINE
SCHOOL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE.
The first description of the
clinical signs of LSD was in 1929 in Zambia
(formerly Northern Rhodesia) (Morris, 1931).
Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is a generalized skin
disease which is an infectious, eruptive,
occasionally fatal disease of cattle caused by a
virus associated with the Neethling poxvirus in
the genus Capri poxvirus of the family
Poxviridae. LSD was first described in Zambia
and occurs in other most African countries and
sporadically in the Middle East region. The
genus Capri poxvirus of the family Poxviridae is
the causative agent of Lumpy skin disease. Lumpy
skin disease virus (LSDV) is closely related
anti genially to sheep and goat poxviruses. In
Ethiopia limited works has been done on this
disease so far and few works have been reported
on risk factors assessments, epidemiological
aspects, seroprevalence and financial impacts.
LSDV transmission among cattle is by the
mechanical haematophagus arthropod vectors. LSD
is common during wet season that is at the end
of summer and beginning of autumn. The control
of LSD can be achieved through vaccination,
restriction of animal movement and eradication
of infected and exposed animals.
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