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  Sci. Res. Impact.  

  5(1): 34-60, January 2019

 

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Scientific Research and Impact, Vol. 5(1), pp  34-60 January 2019

doi:1014412/SRI2019.60

(ISSN 2315-5396) 2019 Science Park Journals

Full Length Research Paper

 

 

 

REVIEW ON THE EPIDEMOLOGY AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF LUMPY SKIN DISEASE.
 

ISRAEL GAMMADA.

 JIMMA UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE AND VETERINARY MEDICINE

SCHOOL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE.

1

 

 

 Abstract

 

Abstract: The first description of the clinical signs of LSD was in 1929 in Zambia (formerly Northern Rhodesia) (Morris, 1931). Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is a generalized skin disease which is an infectious, eruptive, occasionally fatal disease of cattle caused by a virus associated with the Neethling poxvirus in the genus Capri poxvirus of the family Poxviridae. LSD was first described in Zambia and occurs in other most African countries and sporadically in the Middle East region. The genus Capri poxvirus of the family Poxviridae is the causative agent of Lumpy skin disease. Lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV) is closely related anti genially to sheep and goat poxviruses. In Ethiopia limited works has been done on this disease so far and few works have been reported on risk factors assessments, epidemiological aspects, seroprevalence and financial impacts. LSDV transmission among cattle is by the mechanical haematophagus arthropod vectors. LSD is common during wet season that is at the end of summer and beginning of autumn. The control of LSD can be achieved through vaccination, restriction of animal movement and eradication of infected and exposed animals.

Keyword: lumpy skin disease, lumpy skin disease virus, haematophagus arthropod vectors.


 

 

                                                                                                       

 

 

            

This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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